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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2020-11-28 10:10
Effects of competitors on performance and autonomic cardiovascular responses during cycling exercise using virtual reality
Shouta Katsuki, Yoshimitsu Kohmura, Hidefumi Waki, Ko Yamanaka (Juntendo Univ.)
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Many sports competitions are won or lost by competing with others for performance. We aimed to test the hypothesis that the presence and behavior of competitive opponents affect athletic performance through emotional and autonomic response to changes. We staged a virtual reality environment that mimicked a situation in which participants (healthy male adult , n = 13) were “overtaking (win)” or “overtaken (lose)” by competitors. They were instructed to perform a cycling exercise at a constant speed (60 rpm). As a result, we found significant differences in cycling cadence, respiratory rate, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate during 2.5 s immediately before the subjects overtook one another. These results suggest that the presence and behavior of competitors elicit emotion and affect motor performance and autonomic responses.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) VR cycling / competitors / blood pressure / heart rate / performance / / /  
Reference Info. ITE Tech. Rep., vol. 44, pp. 57-60, Nov. 2020.
Paper #  
Date of Issue 2020-11-20 (HI) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 1342-6893    Online edition: ISSN 2424-1970
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Conference Information
Committee HI VRPSY  
Conference Date 2020-11-27 - 2020-11-28 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
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Paper Information
Registration To VRPSY 
Conference Code 2020-11-HI-VRPSY 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Effects of competitors on performance and autonomic cardiovascular responses during cycling exercise using virtual reality 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) VR cycling  
Keyword(2) competitors  
Keyword(3) blood pressure  
Keyword(4) heart rate  
Keyword(5) performance  
1st Author's Name Shouta Katsuki  
1st Author's Affiliation Juntendo University (Juntendo Univ.)
2nd Author's Name Yoshimitsu Kohmura  
2nd Author's Affiliation Juntendo University (Juntendo Univ.)
3rd Author's Name Hidefumi Waki  
3rd Author's Affiliation Juntendo University (Juntendo Univ.)
4th Author's Name Ko Yamanaka  
4th Author's Affiliation Juntendo University (Juntendo Univ.)
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Speaker Author-1 
Date Time 2020-11-28 10:10:00 
Presentation Time 20 minutes 
Registration for VRPSY 
Paper # HI2020-74 
Volume (vol) vol.44 
Number (no) no.31 
Page pp.57-60 
Date of Issue 2020-11-20 (HI) 

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